Perception of insecurity decreased in the first quarter, but remain high in some beach destinations.

The National Survey on Urban Public Safety (ENSU), carried out by INEGI, shows a decrease in the social perception of insecurity in March. According to the ENSU, 66.4% of the adult population in 70 cities in Mexico feel insecure, which represents a decrease of -1.7 percentage points compared to the December measurement and -7 points compared to March 2020. This result is the lowest in the survey’s 30 quarterly surveys since September 2013, largely attributable to the confinement caused by the pandemic, considering the levels of the last three quarters.    

Among the cities whose population feels less insecure are some in the north of the country, such as San Pedro Garza García (8.2%) and San Nicolás de los Garza (26.2%), both belonging to the metropolitan area of Monterrey in Nuevo León, or Piedras Negras, Coahuila (29.4%); as well as some tourist destinations, such as Tampico, Tamaulipas (25.2%), Los Cabos, Baja California Sur (26.2%), and Mérida, Yucatán (30.3%).    

Despite the general decrease observed, there are some cities that continue to present high levels of social perception of insecurity, such as Fresnillo, Zacatecas (94.2%) or Ecatepec, Edo. de Mexico (89.9%), as well as some tourist destinations, such as Cuernavaca (87.8%), Guadalajara (86.1%), and Cancun (86.1%), which maintain high levels of perception of insecurity among the population.

The survey identifies ten beach destinations that together averaged 56.8% of social perception of insecurity in March, registering reductions of -1.6 points compared to the previous quarter and -7.9 percentage points compared to the March 2020 measurement. It is evident that the restrictions on mobility and the suspension of activities contributed to the level of insecurity perceived by the inhabitants to be drastically reduced since the March measurement last year.

Among the beach destinations, Tampico stands out positively, on the one hand, as the second city out of the 70 cities included in the survey, whose population feels less insecure, reaching a decrease of -11.8 percentage points compared to the previous measurement; and on the other hand, Ixtapa-Zihuatanejo stands out, which, although reporting 60.1% of social perception of insecurity, this was reduced by -12 percentage points. Both destinations registered the lowest level since the perception of insecurity among the population began to be measured. (Tampico in March 2016 and Ixtapa-Zihuatanejo in June 2017).     

On the other hand, Cancún remains the beach destination with the highest social perception of insecurity and the seventh city among the 70 cities surveyed. In March, 86.1% of its inhabitants reported feeling unsafe, and although there was a decrease of -2 percentage points compared to the previous measurement, it reported an increase of 0.5 points compared to March 2020.

Unfavourable results are also observed in Puerto Vallarta and Los Cabos; the former increasing the perception of insecurity consecutively over the last three quarters to 35.5% in March (the highest level since September 2019); while Los Cabos, while remaining at low levels, recorded the second highest quarter-over-quarter increase among all cities (8.9 percentage points) to 26.2% in March.

In the country’s three large cities, which have the largest populations, mixed results were observed in the most recent ENSU survey. While in Guadalajara, where 86.1% of the population felt insecure in March, social perceptions of insecurity decreased slightly by 0.1 percentage points compared to December, there was an increase of 2.2 points compared to March 2020.

In Monterrey, on the other hand, the changes were more significant, with decreases both with respect to the previous quarter (-7 percentage points) and the same month last year (-10.4 percentage points), and with 65.9%, it has the lowest perception of insecurity since September 2016. Finally, Mexico City shows a sustained decrease in the perception of insecurity among its population since December 2019, standing at 70.7% in March, the lowest level since records have been kept.  

The most recent ENSU measurement highlights some inland cities that are also important tourist destinations, such as Guanajuato (68.2%) or Querétaro (40.5%), whose perception of insecurity decreased by more than -7 percentage points, and Chihuahua (48.7%), where it decreased by -12 percentage points with respect to the December measurement. On the northern border, Tijuana (77.1%) decreased by 5.3 percentage points, while Ciudad Juárez (80.5%) increased by 6.8 percentage points in March.

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *